Embracing the New Dawn: Navigating the Amended FDI Policy in India’s Space Sector

In a landmark move that underscores the Indian government’s commitment to fostering innovation and bolstering private sector participation in the space industry, the Union Cabinet, under the leadership of Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, has approved a significant amendment to the Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) policy in the space sector. This pivotal decision, announced on February 21, 2024, by the Press Information Bureau, Government of India, Ministry of Commerce & Industry, is set to unlock a myriad of opportunities for entrepreneurs, startups, and established businesses alike, particularly those operating within or aiming to venture into the space domain.

Overview of the Amendment

The amendment in the FDI policy on the space sector categorizes the satellites sub-sector into three distinct activities, each with defined limits for foreign investment. This strategic division is designed to streamline foreign investments, ensuring a more organized and focused approach to developing India’s space capabilities. The Indian Space Policy 2023, which was previously notified, serves as the foundation for this amendment, aiming to enhance private participation, augment space capabilities, and leverage space technology for broader economic and technological advancements.

Liberalized FDI Thresholds

The revised FDI policy introduces liberalized thresholds for foreign investment in the space sector, marking a significant shift from the previous framework that allowed FDI in the establishment and operation of satellites solely through the government approval route. The new policy delineates the following entry routes for foreign investment:

  1. Up to 74% under Automatic Route: This threshold applies to activities related to Satellites-Manufacturing & Operation, Satellite Data Products, and Ground Segment & User Segment. Investments beyond 74% in these activities require government approval.
  2. Up to 49% under Automatic Route: This threshold is set for Launch Vehicles and associated systems or subsystems, and the Creation of Spaceports for launching and receiving spacecraft. Investments beyond 49% in these areas also require government approval.
  3. Up to 100% under Automatic Route: This liberal threshold applies to the Manufacturing of components and systems/sub-systems for satellites, ground segment, and user segment, promoting a conducive environment for manufacturing and innovation within the country.

Implications for the Indian Space Sector

The amended FDI policy is expected to attract substantial foreign investments into the Indian space sector, facilitating the development of sophisticated products, achieving global scale operations, and increasing India’s share in the global space economy. This move not only promises to generate employment and foster technology absorption but also positions Indian companies as integral players in global value chains. By encouraging the establishment of manufacturing facilities in India, the policy aligns with the government’s ‘Make In India’ and ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat’ initiatives, steering the country towards self-reliance in the space domain.

Opportunities for Entrepreneurs and Businesses

For entrepreneurs and businesses, this amendment opens up a plethora of opportunities. From venturing into satellite manufacturing and operation to participating in the burgeoning market for satellite data products and ground segment services, the prospects are vast and varied. Furthermore, the creation of spaceports presents a novel area for investment and development, potentially catalyzing the growth of a new ecosystem centered around space logistics and transportation.


The liberalized FDI policy in India’s space sector represents a quantum leap forward in the country’s journey towards becoming a global space powerhouse. For Shiva Consultancy Group and its clientele, this development offers a golden opportunity to explore new frontiers, innovate, and contribute to India’s growing prowess in the space sector. As we navigate this new landscape, our focus on sustainability, holistic development, and value chain enhancement in business and technology sectors remains paramount. Together, let’s embrace this new dawn, leveraging the amended FDI policy to drive growth, innovation, and sustainability in India’s space sector and beyond.

For strategic consultation and to explore how these changes in the FDI policy can benefit your business, contact Shiva Consultancy Group. Together, we can harness the potential of India’s space sector to foster innovation, sustainability, and economic growth.

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